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Original Sin in Islam

Islam is one of the Abrahamic religions along with the Christian, Judaic, and Baha’i faiths (the principal Abrahamic religions) All three have a telling of the following story which is connected to the creation myth. The following is the telling of the story of Adam and Eve. I am using the translations From USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts: They use three different translations of the Quran so I have included all three to give the ability to compare and contrast

Yusuf Ali:

Chapter 7 Verse 19
“O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and enjoy (its good things) as ye wish: but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression.”

Chapter 7 Verse 20
Then began Satan to whisper suggestions to them, bringing openly before their minds all their shame that was hidden from them (before): he said: “Your Lord only forbade you this tree, lest ye should become angels or such beings as live for ever.”

Chapter 7 Verse 21
And he swore to them both, that he was their sincere adviser.

Chapter 7 Verse 22
So by deceit he brought about their fall: when they tasted of the tree, their shame became manifest to them, and they began to sew together the leaves of the garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto them: “Did I not forbid you that tree, and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you?”

Chapter 7 Verse 23
They said: “Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls: If thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy Mercy, we shall certainly be lost.”

Chapter 7 Verse 24
(Allah) said: “Get ye down. With enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood,- for a time.”

Chapter 7 Verse 25
He said: “Therein shall ye live, and therein shall ye die; but from it shall ye be taken out (at last).”

Marmaduke Mohammad Pickthal:

Chapter 7 Verse 19
And (unto man): O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden and eat from whence ye will, but come not nigh this tree lest ye become wrong-doers.

Chapter 7 Verse 20
Then Satan whispered to them that he might manifest unto them that which was hidden from them of their shame, and he said: Your Lord forbade you from this tree only lest ye should become angels or become of the immortals.

Chapter 7 Verse 21
And he swore unto them (saying): Lo! I am a sincere adviser unto you.

Chapter 7 Verse 22
Thus did he lead them on with guile. And when they tasted of the tree their shame was manifest to them and they began to hide (by heaping) on themselves some of the leaves of the Garden. And their Lord called them, (saying): Did I not forbid you from that tree and tell you: Lo! Satan is an open enemy to you?

Chapter 7 Verse 23
They said: Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If thou forgive us not and have not mercy on us, surely we are of the lost!

Chapter 7 Verse 24
He said: Go down (from hence), one of you a foe unto the other. There will be for you on earth a habitation and provision for a while.

Chapter 7 Verse 25
He said: There shall ye live, and there shall ye die, and thence shall ye be brought forth.

M. H.Shakir:

Chapter 7 Verse 19
And (We said): O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the garden; so eat from where you desire, but do not go near this tree, for then you will be of the unjust.

Chapter 7 Verse 20
But the Shaitan made an evil suggestion to them that he might make manifest to them what had been hidden from them of their evil inclinations, and he said: Your Lord has not forbidden you this tree except that you may not both become two angels or that you may (not) become of the immortals.

Chapter 7 Verse 21
And he swore to them both: Most surely I am a sincere adviser to you.

Chapter 7 Verse 22
Then he caused them to fall by deceit; so when they tasted of the tree, their evil inclinations became manifest to them, and they both began to cover themselves with the leaves of the garden; and their Lord called out to them: Did I not forbid you both from that tree and say to you that the Shaitan is your open enemy?

Chapter 7 Verse 23
They said: Our Lord! We have been unjust to ourselves, and if Thou forgive us not, and have (not) mercy on us, we shall certainly be of the losers.

Chapter 7 Verse 24
He said: Get forth, some of you, the enemies of others, and there is for you in the earth an abode and a provision for a time.

Chapter 7 Verse 25
He (also) said: Therein shall you live, and therein shall you die, and from it shall you be raised.

*These translations can be found here:
http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/007.qmt.html

Islam does not believe in the concept of original sin. Everyone is guilty for their own sins and responsible for living in accordance with God’s rules. Ultimately their own deeds are recorded and God judges them accordingly.:

Chapter 17 Verse 15:

YUSUFALI: Who receiveth guidance, receiveth it for his own benefit: who goeth astray doth so to his own loss: No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent an messenger (to give warning).

PICKTHAL: Whosoever goeth right, it is only for (the good of) his own soul that he goeth right, and whosoever erreth, erreth only to its hurt. No laden soul can bear another’s load, We never punish until we have sent a messenger.

SHAKIR: Whoever goes aright, for his own soul does he go aright; and whoever goes astray, to its detriment only does he go astray: nor can the bearer of a burden bear the burden of another, nor do We chastise until We raise a messenger.

*This verse can be found here:
http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/017.qmt.html

Another interesting note about this story is that Eve is not blamed for the fall of Adam. They both committed the sin, they both asked for forgiveness, and they were both forgiven. In the Islamic accounts it was Satan that did the tempting. This reinforces the principle that each person is guilty for their own sins and can be forgiven by God if they will submit to his will.

From this Myth we learn that we are all responsible for our own actions and that we are not guilty for others sins nor should we condemn someone for other’s sins.

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